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The Internationalization of the Circumpolar North: Charting a Course for the 21st Century
by Oran R. Young
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Current Issues
Specifically, are there opportunities to nest Arctic arrangements into global regimes?
  One strategy that can prove helpful in addressing some of these issues of institutional interplay features the nesting of regional arrangements into more encompassing global regimes. Efforts along these lines are already underway with regard to Arctic issues. I have mentioned already the ice-covered areas provision nested into the law of the sea as codified in UNCLOS. Presently, the Arctic Council's Working Group on the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) is endeavoring to nest its programs into the larger framework provided by the global regime set forth in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) [19]. The current negotiations aimed at creating a global regime to deal with persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are attuned to the concerns of Arctic residents regarding problems associated with these contaminants, and there is reason for optimism about opportunities to nest Arctic-specific provisions into this emerging global regime [20]. Developing nested arrangements is often easier said than done. Although UNCLOS was adopted in 1982 and seven of the eight Arctic states have signed (but not necessarily ratified) the convention, we still lack an explicit and generally accepted set of rules designed to flesh out the general formula of Article 234 and to govern a range of human activities in ice-covered areas of the Arctic. Still, there is much to be said for continuing to pursue the strategy of nesting as one effective means for handling the interplay between global and regional arrangements designed to manage international cooperation.
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The Internationalization of the Circumpolar North: Charting a Course for the 21st Century,
by Oran R. Young.
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