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The Internationalization of the Circumpolar North: Charting a Course for the 21st Century
by Oran R. Young
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Current Issues.
How should we handle the interplay between global but functionally specific arrangements and regional but functionally broad arrangements in the Arctic?
  Like other regions, the Arctic is linked to events unfolding in other parts of the world through a variety of increasingly complex relations. Some of the links are biophysical, as in cases like birds and animals that migrate to the mid-latitudes for a portion of the year or airborne and waterborne pollutants that flow toward the Arctic from their places of origin in the mid-latitudes. Other links are more socioeconomic and political in nature, as in cases like southern actions that disrupt markets for northern products such as sealskins or furs harvested through the use of leghold traps [18]. A particularly significant set of institutional links are those arising when global arrangements aimed at specific problems like the conservation of whales or the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer interact with regional/subregional arrangements addressing a wide range of concerns like the Arctic Council or the BEAR. Handled properly the resultant institutional interplay can prove mutually beneficial; representatives of regional arrangements can be granted a voice in global forums, and regional arrangements can play useful rules in implementing the rules and decisions of global regimes. At the same time, it is apparent that there is considerable scope for the occurrence of disconnects and even outright conflicts in this realm. The rapid growth of regional arrangements in the high latitudes has brought this issue into focus with regard to the Circumpolar North. Dealing with it constructively should be a priority for the next decade.
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The Internationalization of the Circumpolar North: Charting a Course for the 21st Century,
by Oran R. Young.
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